18th Century Market Fair at Locust Grove

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 This young man was also at JAF and does wonderful military interpretations.

This young man was also at JAF and does wonderful military interpretations.

Beatrix at Market Fair
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 An example of what the market fair booths look like.

An example of what the market fair booths look like.

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Ever wonder what it’s like to go to an 18th century market? What early Americans would wear, eat and buy? We got the chance to take it all in last weekend when we time traveled to 1778 just outside of Louisville, KY at historic Locust Grove!

For just one weekend, historical interpreters set up camp in canvas tents. There are market sellers, tradesmen and women, entertainers and both the Continental and British forces, plus their camp followers. A lot of the vendors also set up their personal camp within their larger booth tent, and we’re not just talking cots! One woman let me peek into her bedroom which was a full wooden queen bed, along with a dresser and some chairs! Another family moved into one of the historic cabins and it looked so authentic! Maybe one day when the kids are older we’ll get the chance to do the same!

I wish I had more photos, but much of our time was spent chasing the kids around! They got a lot of compliments on their little costumes and I sure was a proud mama!

Beatrix at Market Fair
 Pretending to play a colonial game of Fox and Goose.

Pretending to play a colonial game of Fox and Goose.

Felix Looks On
 These are Hessian Mercenaries who fought with the British. I LOVE THEIR PANTS.

These are Hessian Mercenaries who fought with the British. I LOVE THEIR PANTS.

Time Traveling | Lil Alexander Hamilton

Little Hamilton Halloween Costume
Silly Hamilton

Just like his country, my little Alexander Hamilton is young, scrappy and hungry. Now that it’s complete, I’m so excited to share Felix’s 18th Century Market Fair and Halloween costume! I’d love to tell you more about how it came together!

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Silly Hamilton
Little Alexander Hamilton Halloween Costume

Pattern

To create this costume, I ordered a 1970s bicentennial pattern off of etsy in the smallest size I could find. It was nearly complete - just missing the shirt sleeve - which was easy to measure and draft on my own. I’d say I did a pretty decent job with visual accuracy but because this is a kids costume, I did take some modern shortcuts, which I’ll explain below.

Alexander Hamilton and Little Red Riding Hood

Fabric and Notions

Felix’s ruffle shirt is a basic white cotton. The waistcoat and breeches are a natural undyed 100% cotton denim. His jacket is cotton flannel and faced with left over denim from another project - it was a little too limp on it’s own and again, because it’s just for playtime, I didn’t want to make it out of an HA wool. It has a simple contrast natural muslin lining.

I did kind of go all out on the real metal buttons, but I ordered them from China on eBay, so it wasn’t a fortune. I think they’re actually the glue that brings the whole costume together and I’m so glad I went for it. I can also remove these and put them on future versions of this costumes (should that be requested) so I know they won’t go to waste.

Hamilton at Sea

Sewing Notes

To begin I compared Felix’s measurements against the pattern and made the tissue pattern smaller by simply creating folds and tucks, pinning them down, and then cutting my fabric. We did a lot of fittings as we went, and in addition to the initial adjustments I also took in the shoulders quite a bit. And at the end of the day, it’s still a little big on him, but I hope just enough that he can wear it next year as well. Since it’s an open jacket, I think we have some time (but like I said before, this kid is always hungry and is in the 95% percentile for height and weight, so who the hell really knows?)

I’m hesitant to point out the mistakes, but if you see it, I see it too. There’s one kid of major mess up, but it doesn’t take away from my happiness with the end result! And I’ll just leave it at that!

Hamilton and Little Red Costumes

Accessories

Lastly, how about that tricorn!? I used one of my old fedora floppy brimmed hats and reblocked it into a round crown with the brim steamed up into three points. I trimmed the brim with petersham ribbon and used an awl to poke a series of holes to lace leather cording through to keep it from flopping around. At Market Fair one vendor gave him a play pipe to tuck up there and he decided to put his newly purchased whistle on the other side.

I bought him sweater leggings for the girls section to go underneath but told him they’re just long underwear. On his feet are his everyday black rainboots, a strategic purchase from earlier this fall.

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So that’s Felix as Alexander Hamilton! I love the way my little dude rocks this look and I’m so happy to see him jump, roll around and play in it! It’s already been through the wash once and stood up nicely to laundering. If I’m lucky, he’ll ask to wear it everyday.



Time Traveling | Little Red Riding Hood

Little Red Riding Hood Toddler

In preparation for Market Fair next weekend, I wanted to have 18th century outfits for my kids AND have them pull double duty as Halloween costumes! (You can see mine here!) My mom graciously volunteered to make a red velvet cape for Bea to wear over her dress, so voila! Little Red Riding Hood!

Little Red Riding Hood Toddler 18th Century
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Little Red Riding Hood Baby

There’s something so gorgeous about the way the red velvet looks in the sunlight! It’s made from a store bought modern pattern (I don’t have the number… I’ll look!) and slightly altered to fit Bea’s height and shoulders. It’s a smidge big, but that’s how play clothes should be. And no, I’m not worried about whether or not she’ll get it dirty. She’s a little girl and it’s a costume!

The dress underneath is my attempt at making an 18th century dress modifying what I could find. The base fabric is a faux silk (read: poly) matte satin that I paired next to left over linen for the center panel. I did do handworked buttons on either side because I like the look of them and sewing them is fun! It’s laced up using some black cording (in some photos, I had it tied at the top and Bea pulled it out - I’ll re-lace it the other way next time!). The skirt is pleated for fullness, but covered by her polka dot apron. I let her pick that fabric (as in, I held up two choices and asked which one she liked better!) and this was her selection!

The apron was made in the same was as my full sized version but done by machine. Her fichu is just a square folded on the diagonal that I safety pinned to her long sleeve tee she wore underneath (she wore regular leggings under as well).

That’s just about it! The dress zips up the back which I kinda of regret because it looks so not 18th century, but it’s not visible when she’s wearing her cape. I could also pin her fichu over her dress instead of under and that would solve the problem.

If I have time, I’ll make a little white cotton cap for her to wear at market fair, but those pig tails sure are cute! Time to time travel, baby!

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Time Traveling | Making My Blue Brain Hat

18th Century Brain Hat 1780

I love hats! Especially the fancy, floral, floofy numbers from bygone ears. For a large part of history, women wouldn’t leave the house without a chapeau!

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For my 1780s look, I decided to work with a straw hat I had in my stash. Once upon a time I thought I might have a go as a milliner and thus collected a lot of straw hat bodies and blocks to make new hats of my own. This base was actually a modern hat, but the size was perfect for this project. Here’s what it looked like when I started.

After removing the inter and exterior bands I started steaming the hat out. Moisture allows the straw to relax and take a new shape (which is why you may have noticed if you get a straw hat wet at the beach, it will lack the definition it had when you bought it). I wanted it to have a very shallow crown, like a bergère hat that was popular in the 18th century. I knew I’d be covering the hat with fabric, so an identical shape wasn’t necessary - just the rough form. I also found that I could flip the back brim up and it would hold nicely, which I knew would be a good place to slip in some decorations. I gave the whole thing a good steam and let it dry.

Covering straw with fabric on 18th century hat

Next I started on my fabric covering. Around the brim I created half inch pleats using a cotton sateen, a bajillion pins and a ton of patience. I first pinned the pleats to the edge of the interior brim, as you can see at the right. As I brought them to the edge of the brim, I let them spread just a bit and then brought them back in on top where the brim meets the crown. This was an easy place to become too perfectionist and fiddle! One thing I like to remind myself about historical sewing is that imperfection is historically accurate. We’ve become so accustomed to huge racks and full size runs of identical garments it’s no wonder something handmade feels a bit foreign to the eye with a little jumping stitch here or a slightly bigger pleat there. I’ve started to really love what a handmade piece looks like - one of a kind!

So anyway, when I got the brim pleats to a place I liked with pins, I hand sewed it down to the straw.

With the whole brim complete, I moved onto the brainy bit at the top. I used the same fabric but in a darker shade of blue and I love the combination of the two. For this part I turned to The American Duchess Guide to 18th Dressmaking (which I highly recommend!) and used their tutorial in the 1780s section to create the texture. Once it was all pinned in place, it also got tacked down with heavier buttonhole thread.

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Under Side 18th Century Hat

Now that the top of my little hat looked perfect, I set out to make the inside of the crown just as lovely. I made a very large and shallow tube (only a few inches deep) which I gathered at one side and created a drawstring channel at the other. The gathers were drawn in to match the circumference of the crown and sewn down. The drawstring channel was also draw up using a piece of string, tied, trimmed and tucked into the new crown covering. I also made two ties that were tacked down before the gathered interior crown bit went on. These let me to pull the hat down tightly and further emphasize the flipped up back!

Feathers on 18th century hat

Lastly was the question of feathers - how many and in what placement. After trying a bunch of different combinations, I settled on just one white feature layed horizontally in the back and tacked down.

In all I used 1 yard of light blue fabric and just a half yard of the darker blue. I had enough leftover to make a matching waist sash/belt to coordinate everything together. Because there are so many pieces to an 18th century kit (shift, stays, petticoats, bum rolls, socks, shoes, buckles, gown, fichu, apron and hat to name a few) I think I’ll keep my costumes from this era in the same general color story with this pretty blue as the common link.

I can’t decide if I should make one more gown (I do have the fabric on hand) as a birthday present to myself (it would photograph so beautifully in the snow!), do some modern sewing or start planning for the next era. I realized when I was sick for a day earlier this week that I cannot not have a project sitting around to pick up and play with. And as all of our outdoor chores are coming to an end for the season and it’s time to sit by the fire for the next few months, I do think another lap project is in order. Are you interested in progress shots or is a big reveal more fun? I’m not sure which way to take this one on. Let me know what you think!

Time Traveling | 1780s Italian Gown

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Ta da! Here’s a look at my completed 1780s Italian Gown that I’ve sewn for an event later this month. It was a complicated project - from making historical undergarments like a linen shift, stays, petticoats and bum rolls, to the finishing touches like a silk neck scarf, sheer cotton apron and hand made brain hat! And then there’s the fabric, which was an existing reproduction print that I over dyed and recolored by hand painting in with a new palette of colors. And every single stitch was a pleasure! I learned a lot about hand sewing during this project (I love using silk thread now!) as well as new-to-me techniques. This post is going to be a long one, so grab a cup of tea in your prettiest teacup and let me tell you more about this project!

Historical Background

Italian gowns were very popular during the latter part of the 18th century, replacing English gowns almost entirely. What’s the difference you ask? English gowns look similar from the front in many ways, but the key difference is how the back portion of the dress is constructed. An English gown is fitted to the body through a series of pleats tapering to the waistline and then opening up into a full skirt. The other key style of the 18th century was the Robe a la Francaise which flowed from the top of the back bodice downwards to the hem.

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By contrast, the Italian gown features four main back bodice sections that were cut pattern pieces (not pleated), a very pointed center back and a separate skirt with small (1/4 inch) pleats.

Cotton prints, imported from India (and appropriately called Indienne) were also very popular during this time period. They were predominantly on a white ground and the number of colors increased the cost of the fabric. I started out with a white chintz print, but I wanted to be a little different from the crowd so went with red instead (read more about my inspiration here).

In the end, I wanted this project to be a mix of historical reference and accuracy paired with personal design preferences. Something informed by the past but also not a carbon copy of a portrait or extant museum piece. I think I did that!

If you’d like to see some of the images I used as inspiration, here’s a link to the pinterest board I’ve been adding to for the last three months.

Now… onto the dress!

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Gown

To create this dress I used the Fig Leaf 101 pattern and cut the sleeves one size smaller. I fit the dress with a mockup after completing my stays, which give the torso a conical shape that minimizes and curve of the bust (and pushes it upwards for major cleavage!)

The fashion fabric is a reproduction cotton (see it white here) I picked up from my insta-friend Penny River Costumes (see her etsy shop here) which was dyed using Rit dye in Wine and then painted in using white gel pens and chalk paint pens. It took between 20-30 hours to complete, but was incredibly satisfying and relaxing! I’d work on it at night after my kids went to bed while drinking some red wine and listening to podcasts. Needless to say I will not be testing this dress out in the rain and plan on being very careful not to get it dirty and will only spot clean it as necessary.

The dress bodice is lined in left over natural linen from my stays. The 18th century seamstress was incredibly thrifty and did whatever she could to conserve fabric and notions. I found myself unpicking seams and reusing the thread and carefully cutting my fabric to make best use of the yardage. Speaking of, I was able to eek the gown out of just three yards of fabric and even pattern matched at the center front bodice! Another thing I love about 18th century sewing - 1/4” seam allowances!

As for the construction, I chose to reference the pattern instructions but used modern techniques. I assembled it in the way you might do a lined tailored jacket by sewing both lining and fashion bodices and then joining them via the neckline/front opening. I used my machine for these seams, as well as the sleeve lining. From there, I turned to hand sewing for attaching the outer sleeves, skirt and finishing the lining. I also made use of the selvage edges in any place possible to get more out of my fabric. The front edge and bottom hems are merely turned once and finished with a tiny running stitch.

At the last minute I pinned up my skirts a la polonaise (not a true polonaise, which has a different bodice cut and construction!), because my hem is just short of the petticoat. I can fix that for the next time I wear it, both by doing proper tapes under the skirt (to hold it up just right) or by shortening my petticoat a smidge. Each skirt is over 9 feet of hem and I have a lot to get done (i.e. the costumes for the rest of my family!) so that’ll come down the line. Hopefully before my event or I’ll continue to wear it poofed up or don my red petticoat instead.

Underpinings

Although they aren’t visible from these pictures, let’s talk a little about what goes on underneath the gown! First there’s the shift - a simple linen slip with a wide neckline, sleeves and knee length hem. Women of the 18th century didn’t have huge wardrobes and to help keep the outer dresses clean longer, shifts were worn. Women of all social classes would have more than one shift that could be regularly laundered. On top of that are my stays. Next is a quilted petticoat that I gave a double turned hem which really gives my skirts more width and bounce! Lastly is a split false bum which accentuates the narrow point of the bodice and fullness of the skirt at the same time.

The shift is from Simplicity by American Duchess, the petticoat was done using my measurements (the hem is 4x my waist circumference) and the false bum is from the American Duchess Guide to 18th Century Dressmaking.

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Petticoat and Apron

I actually made two petticoats for this dress - although I didn’t begin with that plan. I began with a white cotton petticoat, made in a similar manner as the quilted petticoat and dyed it three times to try to get a deeper burgundy than the dress. My first attempt was splotchy, my second was a perfect match (but was too matchy matchy for me which says something!) and the last was a quick dip in black dye.

After my first dye I thought perhaps I had some more white cotton laying around and could do a light tea dye to see if an ivory petticoat would work. That’s when I stumbled on some white and blue striped cotton I got for a song ($2/yd and super wide!) in my stash. I pleated in all of the white stripes so it made a blue waistband and sewed that up in one night. I kept going back and forth on which petticoat to use and at the last minute thought - what about a Georgian style apron?! I had some super sheer cotton (from Burnley and Trowbridge) to spare, so using historical references, I made a simple apron with a pretty ruffle at the hem. I was so against aprons at the start of this project and now it might be my favorite accessory. The brightness of the white was something I changed by a dip in a tea bath to create a very delicate ivory.

Accessories

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I’d like to do a whole post on my hat, so I’ll briefly tell you that I used an old hat I already had, removed the original interior and exterior bands, reblocked it and then covered it with cotton sateen. I used the American Duchess book as a reference for the brainy top and did pleated fabric around the brim. It was entirely hand sewn!

To coordinate, I made a simple belt using left over fabric in two shades of blue! It’s not laying as smooth and flat as I would hope, so I’ll probably take it apart and use a sturdier fabric as as a base and then cover it up again.

At my neckline, I’m wearing a silk gauze scarf tucked into the bodice of my gown. I’d like to add some sort of decoration to the center front - perhaps a bow or a corsage of little pink roses?

I also made a sheer silk cap (using the American Duchess Guide) but did not wear it for these photos. I may go with a huge hairdo and cap for my event just for something different next time I wear it) In the meantime, If you’d like to see it now, check out my instagram stories for videos!

Lastly, my shoes were a gift from my mom and are from American Duchess (as are the buckles). I was planning on thrifting or recovering something else so receiving these was just… ahh, I feel like I could cry. Thank you so much mom, not just for the shoes, but for being encouraging of my sewing my entire life and for being so enthusiastic when I text you updates of my costume. It really means a lot to me! I’m wearing over the knee socks I already had that are DvF, but the color and pattern feel like something a funky Georgian would wear! Hems were intentionally short during this era to show off those beautiful shoes, socks and sexy ankles!

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1780s Italian Gown with American Duchess Kensingtons
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Final Thoughts

You guys - I really love costuming. REALLY REALLY. If you watch my videos you can probably sense my excitement and passion for this hobby. I would say it’s a new hobby, but it reminded me of how I used to do this as a child and it’s so cool how it’s all come full circle. I love history, I love research, I love historical dress, I love using my hands, being technical and artistic in one project and I love how I feel when I wear these pieces. I love thinking of how women would express themselves through clothing 250 years ago just as they do today. I love how pieces were meant to be mixed and matched and how a smart woman would chose colors and fabrics to make the most of her wardrobe. I love the way my skirts flow as I walk, how I hold my posture wearing my stays, how I lift my chin to keep my hat from wobbling around, how my apron and feathers dance in the breeze. I feel like me wearing this ensemble. I love everything about this project and I cannot wait to wear it at an immersive historical event with my husband and children also done up in their 18th century wears! And it should also be noted that the community of women who share their expertise and passion are so inspiring! I’ve messaged so many of them with questions and they are so welcoming and knowledgable! You know who you are! Thank you!

Lastly - are there any Hoosier or Midwestern 18th Century enthusiasts out there? Please be in touch - I would love to host an event locally and have you join!

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